Disaster Recovery Plan Resources
Having a proper evacuation plan can make all the difference in keeping you and your family safe during a hurricane. And, if you run a business, it can also help you get back on track faster after a disaster. disasters are unpredictable and can cause hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage to homes and properties,but the good news is that there are several agencies that offer valuable information and guidance on how to prepare, stay safe, and recover from natural disasters.
- American Red Cross: The Red Cross offers tips on how to best prepare: what to do before, after, and during a disaster. They do this in addition to aiding victims. You can also buy emergency supplies from the Red Cross.
- Ready.gov: This site, manage by the Department of Homeland Security and FEMA, offers guides to help you prepare for both natural and man-made disasters. It can help with things such as:
- Emergency supplies to stock up on
- Making a plan
- How to safeguard your property
- What to do in the hours before a disaster
- How to be safe after a disaster
- National Weather Service: The National Weather Service will keep you updated on current weather developments during a storm. To make sure you can get these important updates, it is recommended you have a weather radio, which will work in nearly any weather conditions. It uses the FCC’s Emergency Alert System to communicate critical information to victims of natural disasters.
- NOAA: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is the organization that manages the National Weather Service. Their website has a plethora of information on hurricanes, complete with satellite imagery and hurricane tracking.
- CDC: The Center for Disease Control offers resources to help you understand the potential health risks that arise from a disaster. They offer tips on:
- Creating an evacuation plan
- Preventing carbon monoxide poisoning
- How to find safe food and water supplies
- How to stay safe when helping your community recover
We all know what the flu is, and I’m sure a few of you have felt the aches and pains associated with this virus. In the 2017-2018 flu season there were 80,000 flu related deaths, which is the highest it’s been in over three decades! To help you get ready for flu season we have put together some helpful information for you.
When does flu activity peak in the United States?
The influenza virus to circulate year-round, but it generally peaks between December and February. February tends to see the highest flu activity though.
How will I know if I have the flu?
Influenza is one of those viruses that will make you feel like you’ve gotten hit by a train when you wake up in the morning. You’ll know when you have it. But just in case you want to make sure, here are the symptoms for the influenza virus:
- Feverish and/or chills
- Sore throat
- Muscle or body aches
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Vomiting and/or diarrhea
*You don’t have to have all these symptoms to have the flu.
How does the flu spread?
The influenza virus is usually spread when an infected individual sneezes or coughs. When this happens, tiny droplets land in the mouths or noses of people who are in the vicinity, thus infecting them.
How can I prevent the flu?
The best thing you can do is to make sure you get the flu vaccine every year! The CDC also recommends that you stay away from people who are sick and wash your hands frequently.
Will the flu vaccine give me the flu?
No, the flu vaccine is a dead virus. But you could develop flu like symptoms for a variety of reasons including:
- A two-week window: After you get your flu shot it takes about two weeks before it starts to work. If you are infected shortly before or after you may catch the flu.
- Reaction to the vaccine: Your body may produce protective antibodies that will give you flu like symptoms. This should only last a day or two.
- Mismatched viruses: Sometimes the flu shot doesn’t match the virus that is going around and, as uncommon as this is, you still have some protection against the virus.
I don’t like shots, are there any other options?
Yes, there sure is! You can either get the vaccine as an injection or a nasal spray! Although there are some things to be aware of when going the nasal spray route;
- The nasal spray vaccine is only approved for people between the ages of 2 and 49.
- Not recommended for pregnant women.
- Not recommended for people with weakened immune systems.
- Children 2-4 years old who have had wheezing or asthma in the past year.
*Make sure you check with your doctor first.
The flu can’t get worse right?
Wrong! When you get the flu, it weakens your immune system; and if your flu gets worse your body won’t be able to fight off the bacteria. Once the bacteria build up enough, it turns into something incredibly worse… pneumonia.
Here are the 4 stages of Pneumonia:
- Occurs in the first 24 hours
- Cellular exudates containing neutrophils, lymphocytes, and fibrin replaces the alveolar air
- Capillaries in the surrounding alveolar walls become congested
- The infections spread to the hilum and pleura rapidly
- Pleurisy occurs
- Marked by coughing and deep breathing
- Occurs in the 2-3 days after consolidation
- At this point the consistency of the lungs resembles that of the liver
- The lungs become hyperemic
- Alveolar capillaries are engorged with blood
- Fibrinous exudates fill the alveoli
- This stage is characterized by the presence of many erythrocytes, neutrophils, desquamated epithelial cells, and fibrin within the alveoli
- Occurs in the 2-3 days after Red Hepatization
- This is an avascular stage
- The lung appears grayish brown to yellow because of fibrinopurulent exudates, disintegration of red cells, and hemosiderin
- The pressure of the exudates in the alveoli causes compression of the capillaries
- Leukocytes migrate into the congested alveoli
- This stage is characterized by the “resorption and restoration of the pulmonary architecture”
- Many macrophages enter the alveolar spaces
- Phagocytosis of the bacteria-laden leucocytes occurs
- Consolidation tissue re-aerates, and the fluid infiltrate causes sputum
- Fibrinous inflammation may extend to and across the pleural space, causing a rub heard by auscultation, and it may lead to resolution or to organization and pleural adhesions
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Prepping For Urban Survival
If a disaster strikes in an urban setting, there are certain precautions one may need to take in order to survive comfortably. With limited space and security, creating a well-strategized plan is key in order to survive whatever hurricane-corona-virus-economic-collapse-zombie-ridden-disaster one may encounter in an urban location.
In the event a disaster does strike your city or neighborhood, security weakens and your home or apartment may be potentially in danger. To be successfully prepared for any disaster, plan to prepare with friends, family and/or neighbors.
Top Five: Worst Natural Disasters in History
Since the beginning of mankind, we have seen our fair share of natural disasters. From Hurricanes, Earthquakes, and even giant fire tornadoes! (A.K.A Fire Devils). But which ones are considered the worst?
Here are our top five picks for the worlds worst natural disasters in history:
1138 Aleppo Earthquake:
The day was Oct. 11, 1138 and the ground under Aleppo started to rumble. The city sits on between the African and Arabian plates, making it prone to earthquakes. The magnitude of the quake is lost to time (because the estimate comes from the 15th century), but it has been reported that the earthquake collapsed the city’s citadel and houses across Aleppo. The death toll from the earthquake is estimated at 230,000 people. Although, it is possible that the historian reporting this earthquake may have been confusing the Earthquake in Aleppo with another one that happened in Georgia.
1931 China Floods:
During the years of 1928 to 1930, China endured long drought. Fast forward to the winter of 1930 which was particularly harsh which created large deposits of snow and ice in mountains. Fast forward again to the early months of 1931, that snow and ice started to melt and flowed downstream to arrive in the middle Yangtze (Keep in mind, this was also during a huge rainstorm!). Usually this specific region experiences a few events of high water during the hotter months but in early 1931 there was one continuous rainfall. This caused flooding of mass proportions (The size of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut combined!). Just when you thought it couldn’t get any worse July of that year alone, nine cyclones hit the region! The death toll is uncertain, but it is said that around 4 million people lost their lives and at least 150,000 people died due to drowning in the first month.
The Daulatpur–Saturia Tornado
On April 26, 1989 around 12:30 UTC this tornado touched down near the town of Daulatpur (near central Bangladesh) and traveled east towards the town of Saturia. At the time of the event the World Meteorological Organization listed this tornado as an F3.5 even though the winds were estimated at 210-260 mph, which would rank it as an F4. The tornado caused 1,300 fatalities, 12,000 injuries, and 80,000 people homeless.
The Ch’ing-yang event of 1490
Now this one is a little bit out of the norm. During the year of 1490 in the month of March or April, there was a meteor shower that hit the city of Qingyang. Due to the lack of information not much is known about this incident other than one recorded account which said;
“Stones fell like rain in the Ch’ing-yang district. The larger ones were 4 to 5 catties (little over 3 lbs), and the smaller ones were 2 to 3 catties (little over 2lbs). Numerous stones rained in Ch’ing-yang. Their sizes were all different. The larger ones were like goose’s eggs and the smaller ones were like water-chestnuts. More than 10,000 people were struck dead. All of the people in the city fled to other places.”
The 1970 Bhola Cyclone
On November 3, 1970 the cyclone formed in the Bay of Bengal and traveled northward, intensifying as it did so. It reached its peak with winds of 115 mph on November 11 and made landfall on the coast of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) on the following afternoon. The storm surge devastated many of the offshore islands, wiping out villages and destroying crops throughout the region. In the most severely affected Upazila, Tazumuddin, over 45% of the population of 167,000 was killed by the storm. The storm caused a death toll of at least 500,000 people overall.